Upon arrival at Maropeng, the Tumulus Building (pictured left) is mysterious and strange, but in contrast to this first impression, it contains a wealth of knowledge accessible to all.
The Tumulus, suggestive of an ancient underground burial mound, was purpose-built as a visitor centre to showcase the Cradle of Humankind and the unprecedented quantity of hominid fossils discovered at the fossil sites in this area. The interactive and informative exhibition inside the buildings showcases the progress that humankind has made from our early beginnings to where we are today, and promotes a consciousness of preserving our natural heritage for future generations. It is a fun and educational visit for the entire family.
Before commencing with the tour (or afterwards), visitors have the opportunity to have a light snack at the market place restaurant, or browse through the well-stocked curio shop. An outdoor café with panoramic views of the Magaliesberg is also located at the end of the tour and is open on weekends.
The tour begins at the entrance of the Tumulus with an introduction to Maropeng and its major themes of evolution, diversity, sustainability and the unique characteristics of being human, before descending down a ramp and into the depths of the Earth…
Visitors are taken on a journey back in time, starting with a boat adventure that takes visitors through an immersive experience of the four classical elements – earth, air, fire and water.
Visitors continue on foot through a swirling vortex, before emerging in front of an audiovisual presentation of the formation of the Earth projected on a giant globe, and an explanation of how the continents as we know them today came to be distributed over the world.
The tour proceeds to a large interactive zone explaining some of the science relating to the study of evolution conveyed in fun, giant displays on the formation of fossils, DNA, and life on Earth among other topics.
Sustainability is another topic: scientists believe that five mass extinctions on Earth so far, all caused by natural forces. Now, though, many believe that we are in the midst of the next extinction, the Sixth Mass Extinction – and the cause is us. Their message to us is that unless we take the theme of sustainability seriously, we will create our own destruction.
The next section highlights various species in hominid evolution. These include our earliest relations such as the 7-million-year-old Sahelanthropus tchadensis from Chad, the 6-million-year-old Orrorin tugenensis from Kenya, and the 5.8-million-year-old Ardipithecus ramidus kadabba from Ethiopia. A lot of emphasis is placed on Australopethicus, which is the genus of the famous Cradle of Humankind fossils “Mrs Ples” and “Little Foot”, and on Homo, the genus to which humans belong. The exhibition traces the path of evolution from Homo habilis to today’s Homo sapiens, which is only about 200 000 years old. Many species of Homo existed between the early Homo habilis to modern humans, although some broke off the family tree of Homo and became extinct. More interactive displays provide insight into the unique characteristics of modern humankind whilst others impart a multitude of intriguing facts about the global human population.
The tour concludes with an original fossil display. Over 1000 hominid fossils have been discovered within the Cradle of Humankind, as well as thousands of artefacts and animal fossils, of which many species are now extinct. The fossils are on loan from various educational and scientific institutions and the exhibition changes on a regular basis.
After a boat ride that takes you through a journey of creation of life on the planet and mankind’s evolution, you exit into the 21st century! What an experience!
The visitor centre is open daily from 9:00 to 17:00, and the last boat ride departs at 16:00. All guides at Maropeng and Sterkfontein have received accreditation with the Gauteng Tourism Authority to ensure that visitors appreciate and understand the significance of the Cradle of Humankind.
R400, Mogale, 191
The Cradle of Humankind Visitor Centre Maropeng
Address: R400, Mogale, 1911
Open ⋅ Closes 5PM
EXTENSIVE INFORMATION ABOUT THE CENTRE AND THE EXHIBITION IS AVAILABLE ONLINE